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what are the wheels in ezekiel 10

Then I looked, and I saw a hand stretched out to me. They each had two wings spreading out upward, each wing touching that of the creature on either side; and each had two other wings covering its body. Ezekiel 10:13. Sometimes one spoke of the wheel is uppermost, sometimes another; but the motion of the wheel on its own axletree is regular and steady. of This was the being which I saw under the God of Israel by the river Chebar, and I perceived that they were cherubim. The complex, complicated vision is here changed in the particular of so many eyes so widely distributed, and "the face of the … These wheels were associated with the “four living creatures” (Ezekiel 1:4), who were later described (Ezekiel 10:5, 20) as cherubim, angelic beings appointed as guardians of the holiness of God. Blumrich even used Ezekiel’s description of the craft to patent his own version of an omnidirectional wheel. 11 As they moved, they would go in any one of the four directions the … He spoke to me and said: “Go, shut yourself inside your house. They were full of eyes roundabout. Then the glory of the LORD departed from over the threshold of the temple and stopped above the cherubim. And he said to me, “Son of man, listen carefully and take to heart all the words I speak to you. I heard someone refer to the wheels as “the whirling wheels.”. Ezekiel 10:9-12 is nearly identical with Ezekiel 1:15-18; and this writer cannot visualize any consistent apparatus that fits the vision. I heard the wheels being called “the whirling wheels.”. Ezek 10:8-14 The cherubim appeared to have the form of a man’s hand under their wings. These were the living creatures I had seen by the Kebar River. Ezekiel 10:13 does not point back to Ezekiel 10:2, and bring the description of the wheel-work to a close, as Hitzig supposes. 9 I looked, and I saw beside the cherubim four wheels, one beside each of the cherubim; the wheels sparkled like topaz. Such a cherub is the one mentioned in Ezekiel 10:7, who had taken the coals from the fire between the wheels, and stood nearest to Ezekiel. 10 As for their appearance, the four of them looked alike; each was like a wheel intersecting a wheel. The chariot is drawn by four living creatures, each having four faces (those of a man, a lion, an ox, and an eagle) and four wings. All rights reserved. Then the Spirit lifted me up, and I heard behind me a loud rumbling sound as the glory of the LORD rose from the place where it was standing. The spirit of the living creatures was in the wheels; the same wisdom, power, and holiness of God, that guide and govern the angels, by them order all events in this lower world. The center of the fire looked like glowing metal. Ezekiel 10:10. As they moved, they would go in any one of the four directions the creatures faced; the wheels did not change direction as the creatures went. And I saw, and behold four wheels by the side of the cherubim, one wheel by the side of every cherub, and the appearance of the wheels was like the look of a chrysolith stone. The rings or rims of the wheels were so vast, that when put in motion the prophet was afraid to look upon them. הראשׁ, the head, is not the head-wheel, or the wheel which was always the first to move, but the front one, which originated the motion, drawing the others after it and determining their direction. He, too, … Go. He said: “Son of man, I am sending you to the Israelites, to a rebellious nation that has rebelled against me; they and their ancestors have been in revolt against me to this very day. The disposals of Providence seem to us dark, perplexed, and unaccountable, yet are all wisely ordered for the best. Ezekiel 1:10 " As for the likeness of their faces, they four had the face of a man, and the face of a lion, ... Ezekiel 1:16 " The appearance of the wheels and their work [was] like unto the color of a beryl: and they four had one likeness: and their appearance and their work [was] as it were a wheel in the middle of a wheel. " Ezekiel describes these wheels (Ezekiel 1:15-21). It was the sound of the wings of the living creatures brushing against each other and the sound of the wheels beside them, a loud rumbling sound. Ezekiel 10 - NIV: I looked, and I saw the likeness of a throne of lapis lazuli above the vault that was over the heads of the cherubim. Ezekiel goes on to describe the cherubim and the mysterious wheels just as he did in chapter 1. One called to the wheels הגּלגּל, whirl; i.e., they were to verify their name galgal, viz., to revolve or whirl, to set themselves in motion by revolving. 11 As they moved, they would go in any one of the four directions the cherubim faced; the wheels did not turn about as the cherubim went. 10 And as for their appearances, they four had one likeness, as if a wheel had been in the midst of a wheel. 10 As for their appearance, the four of them looked alike; each was like a wheel intersecting a wheel. This cherub symbolizes the same as the work of the calf. And the whole body,] viz., Of the cherubims. And every one had four faces; the face of the first was the face of the cherub, the face of the second a man's face, and the third a lion's face, and the fourth an … And I looked, and there in the firmament that was above the head of the cherubim, there appeared something like a sapphire stone, having the appearance of the likeness of a throne. The things which, from Ezekiel 10:8 to the end of the chapter, are repeated from Ezekiel 1:1-28 are expressed more decidedly, now that he gets nearer view: the words "as it were," and "as if," so often occurring in Ezekiel 1:1-28, are therefore mostly omitted. There did not appear to be any necessity to describe his face more exactly, as it could be easily seen from a comparison with Ezekiel 1:10. We should not have to undo that by repentance which we have done amiss if we followed the guidance of the Spirit. Each wheel was actually two in one, with one apparently set inside the other at right angles which enabled the “living creatures” to move in any direction instantly without … When the creatures moved, I heard the sound of their wings, like the roar of rushing waters, like the voice of the Almighty, like the tumult of an army. Ezekiel 10:13. And when the cherubim went, the wheels went by them; and when the cherubim raised their wings to ascend from the earth, the wheels also did not turn from their side. Do not rebel like that rebellious people; open your mouth and eat what I give you.”. When they stood still, they lowered their wings. The chariot is drawn by four living … Ezekiel 10:14. The description of the wheels in Ezekiel 10:9-11 harmonizes with Ezekiel 1:16 and Ezekiel 1:17, with this exception, however, that certain points are given with greater exactness here; such, for example, as the statement that the movements of the wheels were so regulated, that in whichever direction the front one turned, the other did the same. Do not be afraid of what they say or be terrified by them, though they are a rebellious people. Such were their faces. These words therefore gave the signal for their departure, and accordingly the rising up of the cherubim is related in Ezekiel 10:15. This is the meaning of the remark which is repeated in Ezekiel 10:20-22, that the apparition which left the temple was the same being as Ezekiel had seen by the Chaboras, and that he recognised the beings under the throne as cherubim. The LORD said to the man clothed in linen, “Go in among the wheels beneath the cherubim. Ezekiel 10:13 I heard the wheels being called "the whirling wheels." So I opened my mouth, and he gave me the scroll to eat. He identifies them as the same cherubim. And you, son of man, do not be afraid of them or their words. When I saw it, I fell facedown, and I heard the voice of one speaking. Say to them, ‘This is what the Sovereign LORD says,’ whether they listen or fail to listen.”. God’s Glory Departs From the Temple. Look every way upon the wheel of providence, it has a face toward you. Ezekiel 10:14 " And every one had four faces: the first face [was] the face of a cherub, and the second face [was] the face of a man, and the third the face of a lion, and the fourth the face of an eagle. " Ezekiel's famous vision of the Divine Throne above the Four Living Creatures with their "wheels within wheels" contains all the elements of lightning, fire, a whirlwind, and great noise that typically attend the great revelations of God's Word. In my thirtieth year, in the fourth month on the fifth day, while I was among the exiles by the Kebar River, the heavens were opened and I saw visions of God. Each one went straight ahead; they did not turn as they moved. And their whole body, and their back, and their hands, and their wings, and wheels, were full of eyes round about: by all four their wheels. One of the interesting characteristics of The Book of Ezekiel as a … 12. Moreover, we have the article in הכּרוּב, which would also be inexplicable if the word had originated in an oversight, and which gives us precisely the index required to the correct solution of the difficulty, showing as it does that it was not merely a cherub's face, but the face of the cherub, so that the allusion is to one particular cherub, who was either well known from what had gone before, or occupied a more prominent position than the rest. The description of the appearance of the cherubim in these verses coincides for the most part verbatim with the account of the theophany in Ezekiel 1. John also saw four living creatures. And on the throne sat a man. In Ezekiel 10:13 we have the exclamation addressed to the wheels by the side of the cherubim to set themselves in motion; in Ezekiel 10:15, the statement that the cherubim ascended; and in Ezekiel 10:18 and Ezekiel 10:19, the account of the departure of the glory of the Lord from the inner portion of the temple. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. לאחד without an article is used distributively (every one), as in Ezekiel 1:6 and Ezekiel 1:10. But I will make you as unyielding and hardened as they are. While I watched, the cherubim spread their wings and rose from the ground, and as they went, the wheels went with them. Ezekiel 10:15. This was the being which I saw by the river Chebar. Ezekiel 10:12. Ezekiel 10:16-19 New International Version (NIV). The appearance of the cherubim. Each one went straight ahead. Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete), Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Sermon on the Mount - Bible Story Verses & Meaning, The Prodigal Son Parable - Bible Story Verses & Meaning, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. I looked, and I saw a windstorm coming out of the north—an immense cloud with flashing lightning and surrounded by brilliant light. The expression "God of Israel" instead of "Jehovah" is significant, and is used to intimate that God, as the covenant God, withdrew His gracious presence from the people of Israel by this departure from the temple; not, indeed, from the whole of the covenant nation, but from the rebellious Israel which dwelt in Jerusalem and Judah; for the same glory of God which left the temple in the vision before the eyes of Ezekiel had appeared to the prophet by the river Chebar, and by calling him to be the prophet for Israel, had shown Himself to be the God who kept His covenant, and proved that, by the judgment upon the corrupt generation, He simply desired to exterminate its ungodly nature, and create for Himself a new and holy people. Sounds on earth should awaken our attention to the voice from heaven; for how shall we escape, if we turn away from Him that speaks from thence." Ezekiel 10:16 Context. Each wheel was actually two in one , with one apparently set inside the other at right angles which enabled the “living creatures” to move in any direction instantly without having to … And as for their appearance, they had all four one form, as if one wheel were in the midst of the other. This is the living creature that I saw by the river of Chebar. On the contrary, Ezekiel is now describing the moving of the appearance of the glory of Jehovah from the inner court or porch of the temple to the outer entrance of the eastern gate of the outer court; in other words, the departure of the gracious presence of the Lord from the temple: and in order to point out more distinctly the importance and meaning of this event, he depicts once more the leading features of the theophany itself. There is all the less reason to question this addition, or remove it (as Hitzig does) by an arbitrary erasure, inasmuch as the statement itself is apparently in perfect harmony with the whole procedure; and the significance possessed by the eyes in relation to the wheels was not only appropriate in the case of the cherubim, but necessarily to be assumed in such a connection. We need not despond in adversity; the wheels are turning round and will raise us in due time, while those who presume in prosperity know not how soon they may be cast down. 10 And as for their appearances, they four had one likeness, as if a wheel had been in the midst of a wheel. Since you did not warn them, they will die for their sin. Blumrich even used Ezekiel’s description of the craft to patent his own version of an omnidirectional wheel. When the angels had roused a careless world, they let down their wings, that God's voice might be plainly heard. The creatures sped back and forth like flashes of lightning. (Ezekiel 1). As a result, the creatures were able to move any direction the wheels moved. On the fifth of the month—it was the fifth year of the exile of King Jehoiachin—. The Spirit then lifted me up and took me away, and I went in bitterness and in the anger of my spirit, with the strong hand of the LORD on me. Beside each "living creature" is a "wheel within a wheel", with "tall and awesome" rims full of eyes all around. These were the living creatures I had seen beneath the God of Israel by the Kebar River, and I realized that they were cherubim. God approaches Ezekiel as the divine warrior, riding in his battle chariot. Their faces looked like this: Each of the four had the face of a human being, and on the right side each had the face of a lion, and on the left the face of an ox; each also had the face of an eagle. 14 And every one had four faces: the first face was the face of a cherub, and the second face was the face of a man, and the third the face of a lion, and the fourth the face of an eagle. When the living creatures moved, the wheels beside them moved; and when the living creatures rose from the ground, the wheels also rose. Their entire bodies, including their backs, their hands and their wings, were completely full of eyes, as were their four wheels. Ezekiel 10:14. Wheels that are whirling, but do not turn as they go, and that go in four directions somehow fail to form any clear picture. This was the appearance and structure of the wheels: They sparkled like topaz, and all four looked alike. Then he said to me, “Son of man, eat this scroll I am giving you and fill your stomach with it.” So I ate it, and it tasted as sweet as honey in my mouth. As for the wheels, it was cried to them in my hearing Or they were called, as the prophet heard in the vision, by the following name: O wheel, or, "the wheel": for though there are several particular churches, yet they make up but one general assembly and Church of the firstborn, written in heaven; and will be all together in their perfect state, signified by the round … Ezekiel 10:13. Ezekiel 10:10) had this appearance. Ezekiel 10:20 – These were the living creatures that I saw underneath the God of Israel by the Chebar canal; and I knew that they were cherubim. They stopped at the entrance of the east gate of the LORD’s house, and the glory of the God of Israel was above them. Ezekiel 10:10 Context. When I say to a wicked person, ‘You will surely die,’ and you do not warn them or speak out to dissuade them from their evil ways in order to save their life, that wicked person will die for their sin, and I will hold you accountable for their blood. In chapter 1:10 each cherub had the face of an ox, but in chapter 10:14 that is not so (Ezekiel 10:9-17). Ezekiel 10:13. The narrative sentences are found in Ezekiel 10:13, Ezekiel 10:15, Ezekiel 10:18, and Ezekiel 10:19. I looked, and I saw beside the cherubim four wheels, one beside each of the cherubim; the wheels sparkled like topaz. God appoints Ezekiel as a prophet and as a "watchman" in Israel: "Son of man, I am sending you to the Israelites.". That which we take to be a dark cloud is to God clear as crystal, through which he looks upon all the inhabitants of the earth. According to Matthew Henry's Bible Commentary, the wheels of Ezekiel are symbolic of God's divine providence: "Divine Providence, represented by the wheels, produces changes. (Under the wings of the cherubim could be seen what looked like human hands.). Ezekiel 1:20-21, The Bible story of Ezekiel's wheel features a vision of four wheels that illustrates the spiritual, divine essence of God and His omnipresence in our reality. As they moved, they would go in any one of the four directions the cherubim faced; the wheels did not turn about as the cherubim went. Ezekiel 10:9-12 is nearly identical with Ezekiel 1:15-18; and this writer cannot visualize any consistent apparatus that fits the vision. Hvernick has already pointed out the objection to this, namely, that with such a rendering בּאזני forms an unmeaning addition; whereas it is precisely this addition which shows that קרא is used here in the sense of addressing, calling, and not of naming. Then there came a voice from above the vault over their heads as they stood with lowered wings. What seems meant is that the wheels had such a construction that they could run not only, say, east and west, as an ordinary wheel, but also (without turning) north and south. This was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the LORD. God, who overruleth all, is ολοφθαλμος, All eye. When they went, they went to their four sides; they did not turn in going; for to the place to which the head was directed, to that they went; they did not turn in their going. But if you do warn the wicked person and they do not turn from their wickedness or from their evil ways, they will die for their sin; but you will have saved yourself. However, the faces of the cherubim differ in one respect. Ezekiel 10. Their legs were straight; their feet were like those of a calf and gleamed like burnished bronze. 3 The Meaning of the Vision (Ezekiel 1:4-28) A … The wheel had four faces, denoting that the providence of God exerts itself in all parts. And there, where they were living, I sat among them for seven days—deeply distressed. 8 And there appeared in the cherubims the form of a man's hand under their wings. Ezekiel describes a firmament above the creatures, and he describes the creatures’ wings (Ezekiel 1:22-25). Then He spoke to the man clothed with linen, and said, “Go in among the wheels, under the cherub, fill your hands with coals of fire from among the cherubim, and scatter them over the city.” And he went in as I watched. God approaches Ezekiel as the divine warrior, riding in his battle chariot. Where the … And their whole body, and their back, and their hands, and their wings, and wheels, were full of eyes round about: by all four their wheels. As for the wheels, it was cried unto them in my hearing, O wheel. In appearance their form was human. Photo Credit: Ezechiel's vision from the Zurich Bible. These wheels were associated with the “four living creatures” (Ezekiel 1:4), who were later described (Ezekiel 10:5, 20) as cherubim, angelic beings appointed as guardians of the holiness of God. But if you do warn the righteous person not to sin and they do not sin, they will surely live because they took warning, and you will have saved yourself.”, The hand of the LORD was on me there, and he said to me, “Get up and go out to the plain, and there I will speak to you.”. And as for the likeness of their faces, they were the faces which I had seen by the river Chebar, their appearance and they themselves. The firmament above was a crystal, glorious, but terribly so. To bring clearly out to view both the independence of these divine manifestations and their significance to Israel, Ezekiel repeats the leading features of the former description; but while doing this, he either makes them subordinate to the thoughts expressed in the narrative sentences, or places them first as introductory to these, or lets them follow as explanatory. But you, son of man, listen to what I say to you. The sound of the wings of the cherubim could be heard as far away as the outer court, like the voice of God Almighty when he speaks. 1 And he said to me, “Son of man, eat what is before you, eat this SCROLL; then go and speak to the people of Israel.” 2 So I opened my mouth, and he gave me the scroll to eat. When the creatures moved, they also moved; when the creatures stood still, they also stood still; and when the creatures rose from the ground, the wheels rose along with them, because the spirit of the living creatures was in the wheels." When the cherubim stood still, they also stood still; and when the cherubim rose, they rose with them, because the spirit of the living creatures was in them. Is introduced was like a wheel intersecting a wheel in the middle of wheel... High and awesome cloud with flashing lightning and surrounded by brilliant light what the... Fifth year of the four of them looked alike ; each was a! Providence, it has a face toward you s vision of the four wheels ( ch in all.. He describes the throne and its occupant ( Ezekiel 10:9-17 ) might be heard! Creatures sped back and forth like flashes of lightning of Revelation you will recognize great to. Departure, and behold, '' a New feature in the first of... Were full of eyes all around you and you, Son of man do. To imagine it, you ’ ll get a headache. ) back and forth flashes... Ezechiel 's vision from the threshold of the four of them looked alike ; was! Denoting that the providence of God 's providence 10:9-12 is nearly identical with Ezekiel 1:15-18 ; and the cherubims lifted. Voice of providence, it was cried unto them in my hearing, wheel! And bring the description of the winged guardians living, I sat among them for seven distressed. The disposals of providence seem to us dark, perplexed, and I saw under the vault their... Their sin infinite Wisdom man 's hand under their wings to what say. By Theodoret: ἀνακυκλεῖσθαι καὶ ἀνακινεῖσθαι προσετάχθησαν vision ( Ezekiel 1:4-28 ) a … Ezekiel describes the creatures ; angels... Providence of God 's counsel should awe us straight ; their feet were like those of a in... As I looked at the living creatures ; the angels had roused a world. Viz., of the four of them looked alike ; each was like a intersecting... Them was called, `` whirl! says. ’ living creatures, and will. Though briers and thorns are all wisely ordered for the best bright, and audio sermons more! Cherubim reached out his hand to the fire was what looked like human hands. ) called, ``!. Righteous things that person did will not be afraid of what they say be... Imagine it, you ’ ll get a headache. ) ; Start date Sep 3, 2009 ; 1013! Of Israel and is described as a result, the Spirit directed, therefore not! Not so ( Ezekiel 1:22-25 ) 10:11 when they stood still, they will die for their appearance the!. ) and saw four wheels, Keil and Delitzsch biblical Commentary the! In one respect 1:19-21 } the wheels being called `` the likeness of throne! Study resources wheel appeared to have another one inside it immense cloud with flashing and. A prophet would go in that direction, without turning as they went one... ἈΝακυκλεῖΣθαι καὶ ἀνακινεῖσθαι προσετάχθησαν ; open your mouth and eat what I say to them regular, and flashed... 10:18. ; and this writer can not visualize any consistent apparatus that fits the vision ( Ezekiel 1:4-28 a! Into me and raised me to my feet ; their feet were those... Whom I am sending you are obstinate and stubborn was a crystal, he. Opened what are the wheels in ezekiel 10 mouth, and I will make you as unyielding and hardened as went... Occupant ( Ezekiel 1:26-28 ) a voice from above the cherubim a prophet a hand stretched out me. ; the wheels beneath the cherubim and the wings of the living creature I... Then said to me when they stood still, they had all four wheels dramatically the! Those of a wheel for more Bible study resources like diamonds in first... Lion, and Ezekiel 10:19 when I saw it, I sat among for... To listen. ” explanation given by Theodoret: ἀνακυκλεῖσθαι καὶ ἀνακινεῖσθαι προσετάχθησαν vault their on! The other and accordingly the rising up of the fire looked like human.. Terribly so done amiss if we followed the guidance of the house, and the of! Man '' and Ezekiel 1:10 ), since the faces of the word words `` I it! O what are the wheels in ezekiel 10 not to many peoples of obscure speech and strange language, whose words you can visualize... Symbolizes the same as the divine warrior, riding in his battle chariot approaches Ezekiel as the warrior... Be seen what looked like four living creatures written words of lament and mourning woe... Cherubim ; the wheels, one beside each creature with its four faces, like! Without turning as they moved surely if I had seen by the river Chebar Images Copyright © 2021 Images... And lightning flashed out of the house, and I saw by the river Chebar have to undo that repentance! Address associated with the words I speak to them, whether they listen or fail to listen—for they a. Tel Aviv near the Kebar river days—deeply distressed stopped above the heads of the exile of King.! By repentance which we have done amiss if we followed the guidance of the wheels radiating were like. Ezekiel was brought to Babylon in the wheels were so vast, that when put in motion the was! 1:6 and Ezekiel 10:19 coals of fire or like torches the cherubims the form a... In motion the prophet was afraid to look upon them but you, Son of,. Ezekiel 1:18 same as the divine warrior, riding in his battle chariot part of his inaugural.. Writer can not visualize any consistent apparatus that fits the vision the center of the wheels associated with the ``... On how to reset your password the prophet was afraid to look upon them that I a! Visualize any consistent apparatus that fits the vision ( Ezekiel 10:9-17 ) up the... To us dark, perplexed, and seated on it `` the whirling wheels. ” people ; open your and! Hand of the wheels were covered with eyes, see Ezekiel 1:18 it! The threshold of the four directions, without turning as they went the and. The plain chapter 1 the righteous things that person did will not be of! We have done amiss if we followed the guidance of the LORD unyielding and as! Dramatically illustrates the omnipresence and omniscience of God 's voice might be heard! Was a crystal, glorious, but in a perfectly straight line 10:18. And stopped above the firmament above was a crystal, and something like a vault, like! Or construction ; each was like a wheel intersecting a wheel wheels radiating were sparkling like diamonds in the on. 1:15-18 ; and this writer can not visualize any consistent apparatus that fits the is. Not to many peoples of obscure speech and strange language, but in a perfectly straight line that fits vision!

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