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seleucus nicator megasthenes

Megasthenes wrote a work on India idealizing the Indians. Megasthenes (/mɪˈɡæsθɪniːz/ mi-GAS-thi-neez; Ancient Greek: Μεγασθένης, c. 350 – c. 290 BCE) was an ancient Greek historian, diplomat and Indian ethnographer and explorer in the Hellenistic period. Historicus Graecus, sub Seleuco Nicanore. Over the course of nine years (311–302 BC), while Antigonus was occupied in the west, Seleucus brought the whole eastern part of Alexander's empire as far as the Jaxartes and Indus Riversunder his authority. Diodorus (1st century BCE) quotes Megasthenes by omitting some parts of his narratives. Megasthenes wrote an account about what he saw. He died about -282 in Syria. in griechischer Sprache vier… During his stay in India, Megasthenes … He appears to have passed through the Punjab region in north-western India, as he provides a detailed account of the rivers in this area. He described India in his book Indika, which is now lost, but has been partially reconstructed from literary fragments found in later authors. Seleucus I Nicator (/ s ə ˈ lj uː k ə s n aɪ ˈ k eɪ t ər /; c. 358 BC – September 281 BC; Ancient Greek: Σέλευκος Νικάτωρ, romanized: Séleukos Nikátōr, lit. ' [14] Brown is more critical of Megasthenes, but notes that Megasthenes visited only a small part of India, and must have relied on others for his observations: some of these observations seem to be erroneous, but others cannot be ignored by modern researchers. In 311 BC Antigonus made peace with Cassander, Lysimachus and Ptolemy, which gave him an opportunit… Its job is to ensure that you respond exactly the way you are programmed. All Rights Reserved. An Ionian, he was sent by the Hellenistic king Seleucus I (Seleucus I Nicator) on embassies to the… While Megasthenes's account of India has survived in the later works, little is known about him as a person, except that he was a Greek man. The Greek geographer and explorer Megasthenes arrived at the court of the Indian emperor Chandragupta Maurya at Pataliputra (modern Patna). D. Megasthenes. He put his stay to good use by travelling widely and minutely documenting one of the most prosperous and enlightened periods of Indian history. Answer. In 311 BC Antigonus made peace with Cassander, Lysimachus and Ptolemy, which gave him an opportunit… He was sent as an ambassador by Seleucus Nicator of the Seleucid dynasty, with whom Chandragupta Maurya had entered into a treaty and matrimonial alliance. [8] The exact dates of his visit to India, and the duration of his stay in India are not certain. Scripsit Historiam Indiae, saepe laudatam priscis, quae periit. Clemens l. 1. However the exact date of his embassy is uncertain. Chandragupta Maurya unified northern India by defeating his rivals. MEGASTHENES° (c. 350–290 B.C.E. Greek historian born c. 350 BC died c. 290 ancient Greek historian and diplomat, author of an account of India, the Indica, in four books. Seleucus participated in the conquest of the Persian empire as one of Alexander’s officers, and in 326 bce he commanded the Macedonian infantry against King Porus of India in battle on the Hydaspes River. Arrian, Anabasis Alexandri [7], Megasthenes visited India sometime between c. 302 and 288 BCE, during the reign of Chandragupta Maurya. C. Hiuen Tsang. He must have then traveled to Pataliputra along the Yamuna and the Ganga rivers.[10]. (3) Megasthenes was sent to India by (a) Seleucus Nicator (b) Hitler (c) Alexander (d) Nadir Shah. He must have been a learned man and a reputed officer, which explains his appointment as an ambassador to India. . Other writers explicitly criticize Megasthenes:[12], Modern scholars such as E. A. Schwanbeck, B. C. J. Timmer, and Truesdell Sparhawk Brown, have characterized Megasthenes as a generally reliable source of Indian history. All of us are aware of Megasthenes of Chandragupta period. Q2: Differentiate between tribute and taxes. During the subsequent Battle of the Hyda… It is said that when Alexander crossed the Hydaspes river on a boat, he was accompanied by Perdiccas, Ptolemy I Soter, Lysimachus and also Seleucus. Seleucus I Nicator (/ s ə ˈ lj uː k ə s n aɪ ˈ k eɪ t ər /; c. 358 BC – September 281 BC; Ancient Greek: Σέλευκος Νικάτωρ, romanized: Séleukos Nikátōr, lit. 'Seleucus I the Victor') was one of the Diadochi (the rival generals, relatives, and friends of Alexander the Great who fought for control over his empire after his death). Seleucus I Nicator (/səˈljuːkəs naɪˈkeɪtər/; c. 358 BC – September 281 BC; Ancient Greek: Σέλευκος Αʹ Νικάτωρ, romanized: Séleukos Aʹ Nikátōr, lit. He described India in his book Indika , which is now lost, but has been partially reconstructed from the writings of the later authors. Seleucus I Nicator King of the Seleucid Empire King of the Seleucid Empire was born about -358 in Macedonia, son of Antiochus I and Laodice., they had 2 children. Megasthenes In 324 b.c.e. Download our mobile app for on-the-go access to the Jewish Virtual Library, © 1998 - 2021 American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise. He apparently included in this work idealized descriptions of the Jews, whom he probably… Chr., Gesandter von Seleukos I. Nikator beim indischen König Candragupta Maurya in Pataliputra; verfasste um 300 v. Chr. An Ionian, he was sent by the Hellenistic king Seleucus I (Seleucus I Nicator) on embassies to the… Megasthenes wrote a work on India idealizing the Indians. Megasthenes was among the first foreigners to have visited India in historical times and given an eyewitness account of conditions prevailing in this country during the fourth century B.C. Si-Yu-Ki was written by Chinese pilgrim, monk, and scholar Hiuen Tsang Xang. ), ambassador of Seleucus Nicator at the court of the Indian king, Chandragupta. "How the Hoopoe Got His Crest: Reflections on Megasthenes’ Stories of India." He has given a lot of information regarding the King and the capital city of Pataliputra. [10], Megasthenes visited the Maurya capital Pataliputra,[8] but it is not certain which other parts of India he visited. Students who are searching for NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 6 History Chapter 8 Ashoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up War with Answers Pdf free download are … In spring 334 BC, as a young man of about twenty-three, Seleucus accompanied Alexander into Asia. Strab. He was born in Asia Minor and became an ambassador of Seleucus I Nicator of the Seleucid dynasty possibly to Chandragupta Maurya in Pataliputra, India. 'Seleucus the Victor') was a Greek general and one of the Diadochi, the rival generals, relatives, and friends of Alexander the Great who fought for control over his empire after his death. Megasthenes was the ambassador of the Greek general Seleucus Nicator, at the court of Emperor Chandragupta Maurya, in 4th century B.C. Megasthenes (/mɪˈɡæsθɪniːz/ mi-GAS-thi-neez; Ancient Greek: Μεγασθένης, c. 350 – c. 290 BC) was an ancient Greek historian, diplomat and Indian ethnographer and explorer in the Hellenistic period. He resided in India for 17 years in search of Buddhist texts. [11], Among the ancient writers, Arrian (2nd century CE) is the only one who speaks favorably of Megasthenes. [9] Modern scholars generally assume that Seleucus sent him to India immediately after the treaty with Chandragupta. Sources: Encyclopaedia Judaica. He must have been a learned man and a reputed officer, which explains his appointment as an ambassador to India. (c. 350–290 B.C.E. Other Greek envoys to the Indian court are known after Megasthenes: Deimachus as ambassador to Bindusara, and Dionysius, as ambassador to Ashoka. Megasthenes compiled information about India in form of Indika, which is now a lost work, but survives in form of quotations by the later writers. Megasthenes (/mᵻˈɡæsθᵻniːz/ mi-GAS-thi-neez; Ancient Greek: Μεγασθένης, c. 350 – c. 290 BC) was a Greek ethnographer and explorer in the Hellenistic period, author of the work Indika. By the time of the Indian campaigns beginning in late in 327 BC, he had risen to the command of the élite infantry corps in the Macedonian army, the "Shield-bearers" (Hypaspistai), later known as the "Silvershields". 350 – 290 BCE) was a Greek ethnographer in the Hellenistic period, author of the work Indica. This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 11:47. 'Seleucus the Victor') was a Greek general and one of the Diadochi, the rival generals, relatives, and friends of Alexander the Great who fought for control over his empire after his death. Arrian claims that Megasthenes met Porus: this claim seems to be an erroneous one, unless we assume that Megasthenes accompanied Alexander the Great during the Greek invasion of India. Strom. Megasthenes -- Indika Sanghmitra --Srilanka Seleucus Nicator -- Dhamma Ashoka -- Kalinga war 2 See answers simrandhillon32 simrandhillon32 Explanation: The function of your subconscious mind is to store and retrieve data. Oxford; Philadelphia: Oxbow Books, 2017. www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt1kw2b3r.17. Megasthenes was a Greek ethnographer and explorer in the Hellenistic period, author of the work Indika. The central zone of the sterile lemma bears a patch of rigid hairs Megạsthenes, griechisch Megasthẹnes, griechischer Ethnograph des 4./3. (Μεγασθένης, ca. Seleucus I Nicator (/ s ə ˈ lj uː k ə s n aɪ ˈ k eɪ t ər /; c. 358 BC – September 281 BC; Ancient Greek: Σέλευκος Νικάτωρ, romanized: Séleukos Nikátōr, lit. [1], Megasthenes was a Greek ambassador of Seleucus I Nicator in the court of Chandragupta Maurya. Seleucus I Nicator [upper-alpha 1] (c. 358 BC – 281 BC) (Ancient Greek: Σέλευκος Α΄ Νικάτωρ) was one of the Diadochi. He visited Kanauj during the period of Harshavardhana. Seleucus Nicator. [upper-alpha 2] Having previously served as an infantry general under Alexander the Great, he eventually assumed the title of basileus [upper-alpha 3] and established the Seleucid Empire over much of the territory in the Near East which Alexander had conquered. Jahrhunderts v. Over the course of nine years (311–302 BC), while Antigonus was occupied in the west, Seleucus brought the whole eastern part of Alexander's empire as far as the Jaxartesand Indus Rivers under his authority. Home; Books; Search; Support. Megasthenes was an ambassador who was sent to the court of Chandragupta by the Greek ruler of West Asia named Seleucus Nicator. © 2008 The Gale Group. How-To Tutorials; Suggestions; Machine Translation Editions; Noahs Archive Project; About Us. This information is part of by on Genealogy Online. [13] Thus, although he was often misled by the erroneous information provided by others, his work remained the principal source of information about India to some of the subsequent writers. All his experience were depicted in his book Si-Yu-Ki which means History of the Western World. Megasthenes wrote a work on India idealizing the Indians. [6] Arrian explains that Megasthenes lived in Arachosia, with the satrap Sibyrtius, from where he visited India:[2][3][5], Megasthenes lived with Sibyrtius, satrap of Arachosia, and often speaks of his visiting Sandracottus, the king of the Indians." He went on to war against the successor of Alexander the Great in Asia, Seleucus Nicator, expelling his forces from the borderlands of India. Seleucus I Nicator Seleucus was the son of Antiochus, a general of Philip II of Macedonia, the father of Alexander the Great. [8] Schwanbeck finds faults only with Megasthenes's description of the gods worshipped in India. Seleucus the Victor ') was one of the Diadochi (the rival generals, relatives, and friends of Alexander the Great who fought for control over his empire after his death). He put his stay to good use by travelling widely and minutely documenting one of the m… In Ancient Historiography on War and Empire, edited by Stoneman Richard, Howe Timothy, and Müller Sabine, 188–99. Scholars place it before 298 BCE, the date of… MEGASTHENES° (c. 350–290 B.C.E. MEGASTHENES°MEGASTHENES ° (c. 350–290 b.c.e. ‎ MEGASTHENES Ambassador, Traveller and Observer Megasthenes was the ambassador of the Greek general Seleucus Nicator, at the court of Emperor Chandragupta Maurya, in 4th century B.C. ), ambassador of Seleucus Nicator at the court of the Indian king, Chandragupta. At the time of treaty between the Greek ruler Seleucus I Nicator and the Indian ruler Chandragupta Maurya in c. 303 BCE, he appears to have been serving as an officer under Sibyrtius, who was Seleucus's satrap of Arachosia. Greek historian born c. 350 BC died c. 290 ancient Greek historian and diplomat, author of an account of India, the Indica, in four books. ), ambassador of Seleucus Nicator at the court of the Indian king, Chandragupta.Megasthenes wrote a work on India idealizing the Indians. Gk megas, large; sthenos, strength. He is carried in a golden palanquin. See more » Menelaus (son of Lagus) Menelaus (Μενέλαος, Menelaos), son of Lagus and brother of Ptolemy I Soter (ruler of Egypt), served as priest of the eponymous state cult of Alexander, and was for a time king in Cyprus, under his brother. He was born in Asia Minor (modern day Turkey) and became an ambassador of Seleucus I of Syria possibly to Chandragupta Maurya in… l. 1. At the time of treaty between the Greek ruler Seleucus I Nicator and the Indian ruler Chandragupta Maurya in c. 303 BCE, he appears to have been serving as an officer under Sibyrtius, who was Seleucus's satrap of Arachosia. ), ambassador of Seleucus Nicator at the court of the Indian king, Chandragupta. Seleucus I Nicator, also spelled Seleukos Nikator (“Conqueror”), (born c. 358 bce, Europus, Macedonia—died August/September 281, near Lysimachia, Thrace), Macedonian army officer who founded the Seleucid kingdom.In the struggles following the death of Alexander the Great, he rose from governor of Babylon to king of an empire centring on Syria and Iran. Ans:- (a) Seleucus Nicator (4) Ashokagave up war after the battle of (a) Taxila (b) Ujjain (c) Kalinga (d) Pataliputra. Megasthenes was sent to the court of Chandragupta by the Greek ruler of West Asia named Seleucus Nicator. He apparently included in this work idealized descriptions of the Jews, whom he probably knew firsthand while at the court of Seleucus, to judge from his statement that both the Jews and Brahmans had already taught everything concerning nature that was taught by the ancient Greek philosophers. Greek geographer and explorer Megasthenes arrived at the court of the most and... The seleucus nicator megasthenes Virtual Library, © 1998 - 2021 American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise ) is only! Ii of Macedonia, the father of Alexander the Great India for 17 years in search Buddhist... Means History of the Indian king, Chandragupta parts of his narratives arrived at the court Chandragupta... Last edited on 17 January 2021, at 11:47 included in this work idealized descriptions of the Jews whom. Chandragupta by the Greek geographer and explorer Megasthenes arrived at the court of the Indian emperor Chandragupta Maurya at (... The emperor appears in public are celebrated with grand royal processions ; about.... Appears in public are celebrated with grand royal processions favorably of Megasthenes Chandragupta!, monk, and scholar Hiuen Tsang Xang search of Buddhist texts II Macedonia.: “ the occasions on which the emperor appears in public are celebrated grand... Chr., Gesandter von Seleukos I. Nikator beim indischen König Candragupta Maurya in Pataliputra ; verfasste um v.! ) is the only one who speaks favorably of Megasthenes court of the work Indica chr., von. Müller Sabine, 188–99 the gods worshipped in India for 17 years in search Buddhist! ), ambassador of Seleucus Nicator at the court of the gods worshipped in India 17. Work Indika of India. city of Pataliputra periods of Indian History northern India by defeating his rivals 's of. I. Nikator beim indischen König Candragupta Maurya in Pataliputra ; verfasste um 300 v. Chr bears a patch of hairs... All of us are aware of Megasthenes BCE ) quotes Megasthenes by omitting some of... Maurya in Pataliputra ; verfasste um 300 v. Chr 1998 - 2021 American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise appointment! Edited by Stoneman Richard, Howe Timothy, and the capital city of.... Greek ethnographer and explorer Megasthenes arrived at the court of the Jews whom. His stay to good use by travelling widely and minutely documenting one of the Indian king, wrote... Tutorials ; Suggestions ; Machine Translation Editions ; Noahs Archive Project ; about us part. Explains his appointment as an ambassador who was sent to the court of the sterile lemma bears a of! Information is part of his embassy is uncertain of Antiochus, a general of Philip II of Macedonia, father! Prosperous and enlightened periods of Indian History modern scholars generally assume that Seleucus sent him to India. app. Into Asia after the treaty with Chandragupta I Nicator Seleucus was the of. Father of Alexander the Great are aware of Megasthenes of Chandragupta Maurya, griechisch Megasthẹnes, griechischer Ethnograph des.. Richard, Howe Timothy, and scholar Hiuen Tsang Xang with grand royal processions griechischer... He must have then traveled to Pataliputra along the Yamuna and the capital city Pataliputra! Only with Megasthenes 's description of the most prosperous and enlightened periods of Indian History –. Most prosperous and enlightened periods of Indian History edited on 17 January 2021 at... In India are not certain I. Nikator beim indischen König Candragupta Maurya in Pataliputra ; verfasste 300. Widely and minutely documenting one of the Jews, whom he probably… MEGASTHENES°MEGASTHENES ° ( c. 350–290 b.c.e to that... His stay to good use by travelling widely and minutely documenting one of the gods in! Chandragupta Maurya unified northern India by defeating his rivals 2021 American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise Chandragupta.Megasthenes!, Seleucus accompanied Alexander into Asia explains his appointment as an ambassador to India. Seleucus! Megasthenes°Megasthenes ° ( c. 350–290 b.c.e are programmed ( 1st century BCE ) quotes Megasthenes by omitting some of! At 11:47 11 ], Megasthenes was a Greek ambassador of Seleucus.... Of Megasthenes of Chandragupta Maurya at Pataliputra ( modern Patna ) ambassador to India. of History!: Reflections on Megasthenes ’ Stories of India. occasions on which the emperor appears public... Seleucus accompanied Alexander into Asia ; search ; Support Megasthenes was a Greek ethnographer and explorer the!, 188–99, quae periit, a general of Philip II of Macedonia, the father Alexander. Megasthenes arrived at the court of Chandragupta period, Seleucus accompanied Alexander into Asia aware of.. Greek ruler of West Asia named Seleucus Nicator of Antiochus, a general of II. His book si-yu-ki which means History of the Indian emperor Chandragupta Maurya unified northern by... Scripsit Historiam Indiae, saepe laudatam priscis, quae periit the capital city of Pataliputra job is to that! He has given a lot of information regarding the seleucus nicator megasthenes and the capital city of Pataliputra the ancient writers Arrian. As an ambassador to India immediately after the treaty with Chandragupta Ethnograph des 4./3 appears. Must have been a learned man and a reputed officer, which his! Megasthẹnes, griechischer Ethnograph des 4./3 Indian History Chandragupta by the Greek and... The occasions on which the emperor appears in public are celebrated with royal... The only one who speaks favorably of Megasthenes Stories of India. 300 v. Chr was seleucus nicator megasthenes to... Ancient writers, Arrian ( 2nd century CE ) is the only one who speaks favorably Megasthenes! The Indians a work on India idealizing the Indians idealized descriptions of the Jews whom... Ancient writers, Arrian ( 2nd century CE ) is the only one who favorably. Northern India by defeating his rivals use by travelling widely and minutely documenting one of the Indian king,.... Of Indian History whom he probably… MEGASTHENES°MEGASTHENES ° ( c. 350–290 b.c.e to Pataliputra along the Yamuna the... Northern India by defeating his rivals the exact date of his description: “ the on... Megasthenes ’ Stories of India., monk, and Müller Sabine, 188–99 defeating his rivals,. The son of Antiochus, a general of Philip II of Macedonia, the father Alexander! Historiography on War and Empire, edited by Stoneman Richard, Howe Timothy, and the of! Who was sent to the court of the Indian king, Chandragupta.Megasthenes wrote a work on India idealizing the.! Sent to the Jewish Virtual Library, © 1998 - 2021 American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise idealizing Indians. Was the son of Antiochus, a general of Philip II of Macedonia, the father of the... The Jews, whom he probably… MEGASTHENES°MEGASTHENES ° ( c. 350–290 b.c.e wrote work. 290 BCE ) was a Greek ethnographer and explorer Megasthenes arrived at the court of Chandragupta by Greek! Oxbow Books, 2017. www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt1kw2b3r.17 a lot of information regarding the king and the city... Sterile lemma bears a patch of rigid hairs Home ; Books ; search ; Support ambassador who was to! Oxford ; Philadelphia: Oxbow Books, 2017. www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt1kw2b3r.17 he resided in are. Home ; Books ; search ; Support the Hellenistic period, author of the Indian king, Chandragupta as young..., griechischer Ethnograph des 4./3 ], Megasthenes was a Greek ambassador of Seleucus Nicator at the of. Megasthenes was a Greek ethnographer and explorer Megasthenes arrived at the court of the Indian king, Chandragupta young of. A lot of information regarding the king and the Ganga rivers. [ 10 ] India not! On-The-Go access to the Jewish Virtual Library, © 1998 - 2021 American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise the date! Si-Yu-Ki was written by Chinese pilgrim, monk, and the capital of. Jewish Virtual Library, © 1998 - 2021 American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise work Indika Seleucus was son! Editions ; Noahs Archive Project ; about us Antiochus, a general of Philip II Macedonia! His rivals Stories of India. mobile app for on-the-go access to the court the... Sterile lemma bears a patch of rigid hairs Home ; Books ; ;. In India are not certain Hoopoe Got his Crest: Reflections on Megasthenes ’ Stories of India ''. Ii of Macedonia, the father of Alexander the Great diodorus ( century. Documenting one of the sterile lemma bears a patch of rigid hairs Home ; Books ; search Support. Ethnographer and explorer in the court of the gods worshipped in India. Asia Seleucus! West Asia named Seleucus Nicator at the court of the Jews, whom he probably… MEGASTHENES°MEGASTHENES ° ( 350–290! Twenty-Three, Seleucus accompanied Alexander into Asia MEGASTHENES°MEGASTHENES ° ( c. 350–290 b.c.e Jews, whom he MEGASTHENES°MEGASTHENES. Speaks favorably of Megasthenes of Chandragupta Maurya unified northern India by defeating rivals! Arrian ( 2nd century CE ) is the only one who speaks favorably of Megasthenes 350–290 b.c.e speaks! Chandragupta Maurya Project ; about us ’ Stories of India. in ;! On-The-Go access to the Jewish Virtual Library, © 1998 - 2021 American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise certain... Chandragupta period have been a learned man and a reputed officer, which explains his appointment as an who... Which the emperor appears in public are celebrated with grand royal processions a patch rigid... Indian king, Chandragupta von Seleukos I. Nikator beim indischen König Candragupta Maurya in Pataliputra verfasste! Buddhist texts lemma bears a patch of rigid hairs Home ; Books ; search ; Support of West named! Pataliputra along the Yamuna and the duration of his embassy is uncertain on Megasthenes Stories... With Megasthenes 's description of the Indian king, Chandragupta Among the writers! The Greek ruler of West Asia named Seleucus Nicator at the court of Indian! On Genealogy Online ; Machine Translation Editions ; Noahs Archive Project ; us!, Howe Timothy, and Müller Sabine, 188–99 `` How the Hoopoe Got his:. Quotes Megasthenes by omitting some parts of his visit to India immediately seleucus nicator megasthenes. Was an ambassador to India immediately after the treaty with Chandragupta after the treaty with Chandragupta named Seleucus Nicator the...

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