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facts about ptolemy xii auletes

With Roman backing, Auletes was able to regain the throne and have his daughter Berenice executed. In an effort to prevent this, Ptolemy XII established an alliance with Rome late into his first reign. [9], Ptolemy IX made an attempt to reclaim the Ptolemaic throne in 103 BC, by invading Judaea. Her reign would last for 21 years , from 51 BC to 30 BC. In April 80 BC, Ptolemy XI Alexander II, the son of Ptolemy X, was installed as her co-regent, promptly murdered her, and was himself killed by an angry Alexandrian mob. He ruled Egypt from 80 B.C. However, Cicero and other ancient sources refer to Ptolemy XII as an illegitimate son; Pompeius Trogus called him a "nothos" (bastard), while Pausanias wrote that Ptolemy IX had no legitimate sons at all. Ptolemy reigned during the Hellenistic period. To safeguard his interests, he made the people of Rome executors of his will. [22], In August 69 BC, Cleopatra V ceases to be mentioned as co-regent. Early life. Increasingly, Ptolemy XII also had recourse to loans from Roman bankers, such as Gaius Rabirius Postumus. However, he was forced into a civil war against his mother and brother, Ptolemy X, leading to his exile in 107 BC. Ptolemy paid Pompey and Caesar six thousand talents – an enormous sum, equivalent to the total annual revenue of Egypt. Generally, descriptions of Ptolemy XII portray him as weak and self-indulgent, drunk, or a lover of music. Cleopatra was brought into this world in 69 BC. [27][24][28], The money required for these bribes was enormous. [35] He was replaced by his daughter Berenice IV, who ruled jointly with Cleopatra Tryphaena, who is probably Ptolemy XII's former wife but may be an otherwise unattested daughter. 2nd/1st Century Bc King Of Ptolemaic Egypt, Page views of Ptolemy XII Auletes by language, Among people deceased in 51 BC, Ptolemy XII Auletes ranks. Among politicians born in Cyprus, Ptolemy XII Auletes ranks 1. [55] Cleopatra V disappears from court records a few months after the birth of Ptolemy's second known child,[56] and probably hers, Cleopatra VII in 69 BC. Ptolemy XII Auletes and the Romans 307 in bringing about the recognition of the king but, more importantly, as the major creditor who having consolidated the debts of Ptolemy Auletes to the Roman financiers under his name made both the Egyptian king and these Romans indebted to his services. A strike by farmers of royal land in Herakleopolis which is attested in a papyrus document from 61/60 BC has been interpreted as a sign of widespread discontent with this taxation. 6. Email; Back to Article; Related resources for this article. Monety bite przez Ptolemeusza XII Auletesa. At the same time, Ptolemy IX Soter replaces Ptolemy X Alexander, who is killed soon after. [63], The philosopher Porphyry (c. 234 – c. 305 AD) wrote of Ptolemy XII's daughter Cleopatra VI Tryphaena, who reigned alongside her sister Berenice. Before she ruled Egypt as a sole monarch she was a co-regent with her father and two brothers. It may contain ideas you can use to improve this article. [11] If he was the son of Cleopatra IV, he was probably born around 117 BC and followed around a year later by a brother, known as Ptolemy of Cyprus. [49] His will stipulated that Cleopatra VII and her brother Ptolemy XIII should rule Egypt together. Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos Philopator Philadelphos (Koinē Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Νέος Διόνυσος Φιλοπάτωρ Φιλάδελφος, Ptolemaĩos, "Ptolemy New Dionysus, Father-lover, Sibling-lover"; c. 117 BC – before 22 March 51 BC) was a king of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Ancient Egypt. 84: Ptolemy XII Auletes is engaged to a daughter of Mithridates. Ptolemy XII Auletes (117 BC-51 BC) was the Ptolemaic King of Egypt from 80 to 58 BC (succeeding Ptolemy XI and preceding Cleopatra VI and Berenice IV) and from 55 to 51 BC (succeeding Cleopatra VI and Berenice and preceding Ptolemy XIII and Cleopatra).. After him are Makarios III (1913), Nicos Anastasiades (1946), Rauf Denktaş (1924), Demetris Christofias (1946), Tassos Papadopoulos (1934), Mustafa Akıncı (1947), Alparslan Türkeş (1917), Leo V, King of Armenia (1342), Glafcos Clerides (1919), Isaac Komnenos of Cyprus (1155), and Evagoras I (-435). [30][31][32], In 58 BC, the Romans took control of Cyprus, causing its ruler, Ptolemy XII's brother, to commit suicide. A son of Ptolemy XII Auletes, Ptolemy XIII became joint ruler of Egypt with his sister following his father’s death.In 49 Ptolemy, seeking to retain his father’s allies, supplied the Roman general and former triumvir Pompey the Great with ships and troops. [14], When Ptolemy X had died in 88 BC, his will had left Egypt to Rome in the event that he had no surviving heirs. Cleopatra was born in 69 B.C. This is the talk page for discussing improvements to the Ptolemy XII Auletes article. His biography is available in 43 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 41 in 2019). Auletes means pipes-player, referring to the king’s love of playing the pipes. She was murdered by his rival in 114 BC. in Alexandria, Egypt. The manner in which he ruled his empire did not offer very many benefits to the general public. Many experts now identify Cleopatra VI with Cleopatra V.[55], Bust of Ptolemy XII housed at the Department of Greek, Etruscan and Roman Antiquities at the, Πτολεμαῖος Νέος Διόνυσος Φιλοπάτωρ Φιλάδελφος, sfn error: no target: CITEREFSullivan1990 (. Cleopatra had … Ptolemy I Soter began ruling Egypt after Alexander’s death in 323 BCE., launching a powerful dynasty of Greek-speaking rulers that lasted for nearly three centuries. The reason for this sudden shift is unknown, but presumably she was divorced at this time. Near the end of Ptolemy's reign, the value of Egyptian coinage dropped to about fifty per cent of its value at the beginning of his first reign.[48]. Articles Websites View search results for: Search. [54] [22], In 76 BC, the High Priest of Ptah in Memphis died and Ptolemy XII travelled to Memphis to appoint his fourteen-year-old son, Pasherienptah III, as the new High Priest. At first, Ptolemy XII was coregent with his sister Cleopatra VI Tryphaina and his wife Cleopatra V Tryphaena, but the former mysteriously disappears from the records in 69 BC. Ptolemy XII Auletes of Egypt (Egypt) Birthdate: estimated between 67 BCE and 105 : Birthplace: Isle Cos,,,Egypt: Death: January 29, 246 Alexandria,,,Egypt Immediate Family: Son of Ptolemaios Soter Egypten and Berenice I Egypt Husband of 1st w. of Ptolemy XIV of Egypt Father of Arsione IV of Egypt and Ptolemy XIV of Egypt. They were held by Mithridates as hostages until 80 BC. Her father was also known as Auletes or the Piper because he played the flute. "Cleopatra VII was born to Ptolemy XII Auletes (80–57 BCE, ruled 55–51 BCE) and Cleopatra, both parents being Macedonian Greeks." She was born in 70 or 69 BCE in the house of Ptolemy XII (Auletes), a descendant of Ptolemy I Soter, who was one of Alexander The Great’s generals and the founder of the Ptolemaic line in Egypt. Sign up for our Britannica for Parents newsletter for expert advice on parenting in the 21st century! Perhaps Gabinius had also put pressure on Ptolemy XII to appoint Rabirius, who now had direct access to the financial resources of Egypt but exploited the land too much. Egypt came under increasing Roman pressure nevertheless. Since the Senate was busy with its own affairs, his ally Pompey approved the will. [9] This theory is endorsed by the historian Adrian Goldsworthy. Cleopatra was a daughter of Pharaoh Ptolemy XII Auletes. [14][18] Ironically, their father had reclaimed the Egyptian throne around the same time. [7][8][note 1] However, Chris Bennett argues that Ptolemy XII's mother was Cleopatra IV and that he was considered illegitimate simply because she had never been co-regent. His old ally Pompey housed the exiled king and his daughter and argued on behalf of Ptolemy's restoration in the Senate. In turn, Pasherienptah III crowned Ptolemy as Pharaoh and then went to Alexandria, where he was appointed as Ptolemy XII's 'prophet'. Ptolemeusz XII Auletes, jako egipski faraon. However, he was forced into a civil war against his mother and brother, Ptolemy X, leading to his exile in 107 BC. After him are Alfonso XII of Spain, Vasili IV of Russia, Bashar al-Assad, Haakon VII of Norway, Amenhotep I, and Andrei Gromyko. The king had to imprison Rabirius to protect his life from the angry people, then allowed him to escape. Ptolemy XII Auletes — see Cleopatra VII. In 107 BC she forced him to flee Alexandria for Cyprus and replaced him as co-regent with his younger brother Ptolemy X Alexander. 5. She died August 12, 30 B.C. Ptolemy XII Auletes. [10], The date of Ptolemy XII's birth is thus uncertain. [18] The exact date of Ptolemy XII's restoration is unknown; the earliest possible date of restoration is January 4, 55 BC and the latest possible date was June 24 the same year. [40], Egyptians heard rumours of Rome's possible intervention and disliked the idea of their exiled king's return. He named his daughter Cleopatra VII as his co-regent in 52 BC. Important Facts. [23] The couple became co-regents and they were incorporated into the Ptolemaic dynastic cult together as the Theoi Philopatores kai Philadelphoi (Father-loving and Sibling-loving Gods). Cleopatra II died in 115 BC and shortly afterwards Cleopatra III forced Ptolemy IX to divorce his sister-wife Cleopatra IV, who was sent off to marry the Seleucid king Antiochus IX Cyzicenus. (1999). Upon regaining power, Ptolemy acted against Berenice, and along with her supporters, she was executed. He died about -51 in 51 BCE, Egypt. [22] Her parentage is uncertain – modern scholarship often interprets her as a sister,[22] but Christopher Bennett argues that she was a daughter of Ptolemy X. Before him are Zeno of Citium (-334), Barnabas (1), and Theodora (500). The Roman Senate recognised Ptolemy as king and Caesar passed a law that added Ptolemy to the list of friends and allies of the people of Rome (amici et socii populi Romani) in 59 BC. Finally, she became the sole ruler and Pharaoh of Egypt. [50] According to the author Mary Siani-Davies: Throughout his long-lasting reign the principal aim of Ptolemy was to secure his hold on the Egyptian throne so as to eventually pass it to his heirs. Ptolemeusz XII Auletes - popiersie. One hypothesis contends that possibly they (and perhaps Cleopatra VII) were Ptolemy XII's children with a theoretical half Macedonian Greek, half Egyptian woman belonging to a priestly family from Memphis in northern Egypt,[56] but this is only speculation. [46][47] Ptolemy also permitted a debasing of the coinage as an attempt to repay the loans. Biography. [19] Meanwhile, Ptolemy IX died in December 81 BC and was succeeded by Berenice III. His reign was officially dated as having begun on the death of his father in 81 BC, thereby eliding the reigns of Berenice III and Ptolemy X. These encounters are described in detail on Pasherienptah's funerary stela, Stele BM 866, and they demonstrate the extremely close and mutually reinforcing relationship that had developed between the Ptolemaic kings and the Memphite priesthood by this date. Cleopatra III sent her grandsons to Kos in 103 BC. Among people deceased in 51 BC, Ptolemy XII Auletes ranks 1. [44] On 31 May 52 BC his daughter Cleopatra VII was named as his coregent. [12] By 109 BC, Ptolemy IX had begun the process of introducing Ptolemy XII to public life. Ptolemy XII Auletes King of Egypt King of Egypt was born about -117 in Abt,British Columbia,Canada, son of Ptolemy IX Soter II Lathyros King of Egypt King of Egypt and Harem girl of Egypt., they gave birth to 1 child. Cleopatra’s father was known as Ptolemy XII. Brothers/Sisters:-Arsinoe IV of Egypt, Berenice IV of Egypt, Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator, Ptolemy XIV of Egypt. After him are Posidonius and Julia Minor. Ptolemy XII Auletes. Ptolemy reigned during the Hellenistic period. Ptolemy XII was recalled from Pontus and proclaimed king of Egypt, while his brother, also named Ptolemy, became king of Cyprus. [16][17] There, Ptolemy XII and Ptolemy of Cyprus seem to have been captured by Mithridates VI of Pontus in 88 BC, at the outbreak of the First Mithridatic War. Ptolemy married his sister Cleopatra V Tryphaena who was with certainty the mother of his eldest known child, Berenice IV. Ptolemy IX meanwhile had been remarried to Cleopatra Selene, with whom he had a daughter, Berenice III. [37] On the way, he stopped in Rhodes where the exiled Cato the Younger offered him advice on how to approach the Roman aristocracy, but no tangible support. Among people born in 117 BC, Ptolemy XII Auletes ranks 1. The Alexandrians then summoned Ptolemy XII to return to Egypt and assume the kingship; his brother became king of Cyprus, where he would reign until 58 BC. Ptolemaic Kingdom - Wikipedia Pharaoh Ptolemy XII Auletes had been deposed in a rebellion led by his daughter Berenice IV in 58 BC, forcing him to seek asylum in Rome. Thank you for subscribing! In that year, Ptolemy XII served as the Priest of Alexander and Ptolemaic kings (an office which Ptolemy IX otherwise held himself throughout his reign) and had a festival established in his honour in Cyrene. Although the Romans had not acted on this, the possibility that they might forced the following Ptolemies to adopt a careful and respectful policy towards Rome. But he may instead be the son of Ptolemy IX by Cleopatra IV. Ptolemy XII maintained his grip on power in Alexandria with the assistance of around two thousand Roman soldiers and mercenaries, known as the Gabiniani. Rabirius immediately left Egypt and went back to Rome at the end of 54 BC. Initially, Ptolemy XII funded them by raising taxes. Ptolemy Auletes before Hathor and Philae, at the Hathor Temple, Dendera, which he built in 54 BC. This arrangement enabled Rome to exert power over Ptolemy, who ruled until he fell ill in 51 BC. Ptolemaios XII Auletes (117–51 TCN, tiếng Hy Lạp: Αὐλητής, Πτολεμαῖος) là một pharaon Ai Cập. Fact 6 Cleopatra originally ruled jointly with her father, Ptolemy XII Auletes, and later with her brothers, Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV, whom she wed according to Egyptian custom, but later she became sole ruler. In 63 BC, when Pompey was reorganising Syria and Anatolia following his victory in the Third Mithridatic War, Ptolemy sought to form a relationship with Pompey by sending him a golden crown. Her two older sisters were Berenice IV and Cleopatra VI who may have died early in life. Her mother is believed to be Cleopatra V Tryphaena, Ptolemy XII’s wife and probably his stepsister. But he may instead be the son of Ptolemy IX by Cleopatra IV. He is assumed to have been an illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX Soter, perhaps by an Egyptian woman. Gabinius defeated the Egyptian frontier forces, marched to Alexandria, and attacked the palace, where the palace guards surrendered without fighting. Thames & Hudson. To achieve this goal he was prepared to sacrifice much: the loss of rich Ptolemaic lands, most of his wealth and even, according to Cicero, the very dignity on which the mystique of kingship rested when he appeared before the Roman people as a mere supplicant. Following Cleopatra Tryphaena's death a year later, Berenice ruled alone from 57 to 56 BC. After their father died in 81 BC, Ptolemy XII's half-sister Berenice III took the throne. Ptolemy XII's personal cult name (Neos Dionysos) earned him the ridiculing sobriquet Auletes (flute player) — as we learn from Strabo's writing (Strabo XVII, 1, 11): ↑ Bard, Kathryn A., ed. B.C. In light of this crisis, however, Ptolemy XII began to expend significant resources on bribing Roman politicians to support his interests. [26] This proposal failed in the face of opposition from Quintus Lutatius Catulus and Cicero. Cleopatra was not only charming but a force to be reckoned with during her time as queen. [38][34] During this time, Roman creditors realized that they would not get the return on their loans to the king without his restoration. [13][14] Relations between Ptolemy IX and his mother deteriorated. The images of her that had been carved on the main pylon of the Temple of Horus at Edfu were covered over at this time. Cleopatra was one of several children of a descendant of this first Ptolemy, Ptolemy XII Auletes. His favorite daughter, Cleopatra VII succeeded him on the throne. This title was probably meant to reinforce Ptolemy XII's claim to the throne in the face of claims that his parentage meant that he was an illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX and therefore not entitled to rule. ), of the Macedonian dynasty, illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX Pt Ptolemy XII Auletes is the 916th most popular politician (up from 1,061st in 2019), the 4th most popular biography from Cyprus and the most popular Cypriot Politician. Father:-Ptolemy XII Auletes. Learning from previous mistakes, Ptolemy XII shifted popular resentment of tax increases from himself to a Roman, his main creditor Gaius Rabirius Postumus, whom he appointed dioiketes (minister of finance), and so in charge of debt repayment. – 51 B.C. Cleopatra married her younger brother Ptolemy XIII and after his death, she married her younger brother Ptolemy XIV. Among politicians, Ptolemy XII Auletes ranks 916 out of 15,710. This is not a forum for general discussion of the article's subject. After defeating the frontier forces of the Egyptian kingdom, Aulus Gabinius's army proceeded to attack the palace guards but the guards surrendered before a battle commenced. Ptolemy XI was succeeded by a son of Ptolemy IX, Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos, nicknamed Auletes, the flute-player. Ptolemy seemingly had their leader Dio of Alexandria poisoned and most of the other protesters killed before they reached Rome. Later she married the Roman Mark Antony. The identity of his mother is uncertain. Auletes có nghĩa là người thổi sáo, vốn dĩ ông có biệt hiệu này vì sở thích của ông là thổi sáo. Rome annexed Cyprus in 58 BC, causing Ptolemy of Cyprus to commit suicide. In 65 BC, the Roman censor, Marcus Licinius Crassus proposed that Rome annex Egypt. Her father was Ptolemy XII and her mother was Cleopatra V of Egypt. The Ptolemy Dynasty was founded in Egypt by one of Alexander the Greats generals over three centuries earlier. ), also known as King Ptolemy Auletes, was an Egyptian pharaoh during the Ptolemaic dynasty. Before him are Benjamin Disraeli, Mindaugas, Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria, Rehoboam, Lysimachus, and Galla Placidia. The strategic role of C. Rabirius Postumus as the Ptolemy XII Auletes received a peer review by Wikipedia editors, which is now archived. She was part of a dynasty of Macedonian rulers founded by Ptolemy, a general under Alexander the Great during his conquest of Egypt in 332 B.C. Ptolemy XII died sometime before 22 March 51 BC. [64] The Greek historian Strabo (c. 63 BC – c. AD 24) stated that the king had only three daughters of whom the eldest has been referred to as Berenice IV. Shortly afterwards, Ptolemy XII was deposed by the Egyptian people and fled to Rome; his eldest daughter, Berenice IV, took the throne. [24], Finally, in 60 BC, Ptolemy XII travelled to Rome, where the First Triumvirate, composed of Pompey, Crassus, and Julius Caesar, had just taken power, in order to negotiate official recognition of his kingship. She was the daughter of Ptolemy XII (Auletes), a descendant of Ptolemy I Soter, one of Alexander the Great’s generals. [36][34], Taking his daughter Cleopatra with him, Ptolemy fled for the safety of Rome. He was commonly known as Auletes (Αὐλητής, "the Flautist"), referring to the king's love of playing the flute in Dionysian festivals. Later during her reign she also ruled with her brothers, and through tradition she had to marry her brother Ptolemy XIV. [22] Ptolemy adopted a new royal epithet Neos Dionysos (New Dionysus) at some time after this; Chris Bennett proposes that the epithet was linked to the break with Cleopatra. The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Cleopatra III sent her grandsons to Kos in 103 BC. Encyclopedia of … Shortly after his accession, Ptolemy married Cleopatra Tryphaena. [12] Justin mentions that Ptolemy IX left two sons behind when he fled Alexandria. As a matter of fact Cleopatra had to marry her brothers in order to maintain her status as queen. When Cleopatra assumed power over Egypt, she succeeded Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos (Auletes) as the Pharaoh of the Ptolemaic Dynasty. In Rome, Ptolemy XII prosecuted his restitution but met opposition from certain members of the Senate. This information is part of by on Genealogy Online. Berenice staged a coup while Ptolemy Auletes was in power. to 51 B.C. Generally, descriptions of Ptolemy XII portray him as weak and self-indulgent, drunk, or a lover of music. They were captured by Mithridates VI of Pontus probably in 88 BC, around the time Ptolemy IX returned to the Egyptian throne. Read more on Wikipedia. Ptolemy also provided pay and maintenance for 8,000 cavalry to Pompey for his war with Judaea. According to Strabo, his practice of playing the flute earned him the ridiculing sobriquet Auletes ('flute player'): She was soon murdered by her cousin and co-regent, Ptolemy XI, who was then killed. With Roman funding and military assistance, Ptolemy XII was able to recapture Egypt and have Berenice IV killed in 55 BC. [7][20][21], On his arrival in Alexandria, in April 80 BC, Ptolemy XII was proclaimed king. Ptolemy XII (Ptolemy Auletes) (tŏl´əmē ôlē´tēz), d. 51 BC, king of ancient Egypt (80–58 BC, 55–51 BC), of the Macedonian dynasty, illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX.He is also called Ptolemy Neos Dionysus. As a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty, he was a descendant of its founder, Ptolemy I. Ptolemy XII was an illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX by an uncertain mother. Look at other dictionaries: Ptolemy XII Auletes — Macedonian king of Egypt Greek“Flute Player”in full Ptolemy XII Theos Philopater Philadelphus Neos Dionysos Auletes born c. 112 BC died 51 BC Macedonian king of Egypt, whose quasi legitimate royal status compelled him to depend heavily … Universalium. He died the next year and was succeeded by Cleopatra and her brother, Ptolemy XIII, as joint rulers. Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos Philopator Philadelphos (Koinē Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Νέος Διόνυσος Φιλοπάτωρ Φιλάδελφος, Ptolemaĩos, "Ptolemy New Dionysus, Father-lover, Sibling-lover"; c. 117 BC – before 22 March 51 BC) was a king of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Ancient Egypt. Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Ptolemy XII Auletes has received more than 535,095 page views. He also asked Pompey to come to Alexandria and help to put down a revolt which had apparently broken out in Egypt; Pompey refused. 2004. sfnp error: no target: CITEREFSchiff2011 (, harvtxt error: no target: CITEREFLefkowtiz1997 (, "Pharaonic temples in Upper Egypt from the Ptolemaic and Roman periods - UNESCO World Heritage Centre", "Eusebius: Chronicle p. 167, accessed online", Strabo, Geography, Book XVII, pp. Ptolemy XII Auletes, (Greek: “Flute Player”) in full Ptolemy XII Theos Philopater Philadelphus Neos Dionysos Auletes, (born c. 112 bc —died 51 bc), Macedonian king of Egypt, whose quasi-legitimate royal status compelled him to depend heavily upon Rome for support for his throne.During his reign Egypt became virtually a client kingdom of the Roman Republic. Ptolemy Auletes before Isis and Osiris, at the Hathor Temple, Dendera. 4. In 117 BC, Ptolemy IX was governor of Cyprus, but in 116 BC his father Ptolemy VIII died and he returned to Alexandria, becoming the junior co-regent of his grandmother Cleopatra II and his mother Cleopatra III. [43] The exact date of Ptolemy XII's restoration is unknown; the earliest possible date of restoration was 4 January 55 BC and the latest possible date was 24 June the same year. He was commonly known as Auletes (Αὐλητής, "the Flautist"), referring to the king's love of playing the flute in Dionysian festivals. [39] In 57 BC, pressure from the Roman public forced the Senate's decision to restore Ptolemy. Dodson, Aidan and Hilton, Dyan. Ptolemy XII (Ptolemy Auletes) (tŏl`əmē ôlē`tēz), d. 51 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (80–58 B.C., 55–51 B.C. Children:-Alexander Helios, Caesarion, Cleopatra Selene, Ptolemy Philadelphus. [41], In 55 BC, Ptolemy paid Aulus Gabinius 10,000 talents to invade Egypt and so recovered his throne. [56][57][58][59][60][61][62] The identity of the mother of the last three of Ptolemy's children, in birth order Arsinoe IV, Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator, and Ptolemy XIV, is also uncertain. The courtiers in Alexandria forced Ptolemy to step down from the thone and leave Egypt. Auletes means pipes-player, referring to the king's love of playing the pipes. Ptolemy XII was the oldest son of Ptolemy IX Soter. Ptolemy IX was married twice, to his sister Cleopatra IV from around 119 BC until he was forced to divorce her in 115 BC, and secondly to another sister Cleopatra Selene from 115 BC, until he abandoned her during his flight from Alexandria in 107 BC. After him are Makarios III (1913), Nicos Anastasiades (1946), Saint Spyridon (270), Rauf Denktaş (1924), Demetris Christofias (1946), Michael Cacoyannis (1922), Tassos Papadopoulos (1934), and Mustafa Akıncı (1947). This gave the Romans even more leverage over his regime and meant that the fate of Egypt became an increasingly immediate issue in Roman politics. By his wife Cleopatra V, Ptolemy XII had at least one child, Berenice IV, and probably Cleopatra VII; he had his three youngest children, Arsinoe IV, Ptolemy XIII, and Ptolemy XIV, with an unknown mother. In 116 BC Ptolemy IX's father, Ptolemy VIII, died and he became co-regent with his mother, Cleopatra III. Αὐλητής; translit. Ptolemeusz (z greki koine Πτολεμαῖος; translit: Ptolemaîos) (egip.Ptwlmis) Auletes (gr. Cleopatra is, undeniably, one of the most controversial yet powerful Egyptian monarchs of the ancient era. She was the daughter of Ptolemy XII Auletes. His uncle, Ptolemy X, had left Egypt to Rome in the event there were no surviving heirs, making Roman annexation of Egypt a possibility. Early life. [24][25] Ptolemy XII continued this pro-Roman policy in order to protect himself and secure his dynasty's fate. Managed by: At the start of this war, Cleopatra III sent her grandsons to the island of Kos along with her treasure in order to protect them. 88: Ptolemy XII Auletes and the other princes are handed over to Mithridates. [34], The bribery policy had been unpopular in Egypt for a long time, both because of its obsequiousness and because of the heavy tax burden that it entailed, but the annexation of Cyprus demonstrated its failure and enraged the people of Alexandria. But just like the Ptolemy era before him, her father’s reign was filled with greed, corruption, and hard labor. [29] In return, a formal alliance or foedus was formed. There he was accused de repetundis, but defended by Cicero and probably acquitted. Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos Philopator Philadelphos (Koinē Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Νέος Διόνυσος Φιλοπάτωρ Φιλάδελφος, Ptolemaĩos, "Ptolemy New Dionysus, Father-lover, Sibling-lover"; c. 117 BC – before 22 March 51 BC) was a king of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Ancient Egypt. Ptolemy XII finally recovered his throne by paying Aulus Gabinius 10,000 talents to invade Egypt in 55 BC. [53] According to Strabo, his practice of playing the flute earned him the ridiculing sobriquet Auletes ('flute player'): Now all of the kings after the third Ptolemy, being corrupted by luxurious living, administered the affairs of government badly, but worst of all were the fourth, seventh, and the last, Auletes, who, apart from his general licentiousness, practised the accompaniment of choruses with the flute, and upon this he prided himself so much that he would not hesitate to celebrate contests in the royal palace, and at these contests would come forward to vie with the opposing contestants. Generally, descriptions of Ptolemy XII portray him as weak and self-indulgent, drunk, or a lover of music. Cleopatra originally ruled Egypt with her father, Ptolemy XII Auletes. [65] This suggests that the Cleopatra Tryphaena mentioned by Porphyry may not have been Ptolemy's daughter, but his wife. He is assumed to have been an illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX Soter, perhaps by an Alexandrian woman. [45], At the moment of Ptolemy XII's restoration, Roman creditors demanded the repayment of their loans, but the Alexandrian treasury could not repay the king's debt. However, Rome did not wish to invade Egypt to restore the king, since the Sibylline books stated that if an Egyptian king asked for help and Rome proceeded with military intervention, great dangers and difficulties would occur. She was said to have been born in the year 69 B.C, and was given the throne along with her brother after the death of her father, Ptolemy XII (Auletes). Among people born in Cyprus, Ptolemy XII Auletes ranks 4 out of 57. [ 41 ], the money required for these bribes was enormous Ptolemy fled for the safety of.! 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Britannica for Parents newsletter for expert advice on parenting in the face of opposition from Quintus Catulus... Iv killed in 55 BC, Egypt year and was the oldest son of Ptolemy IX Soter to. Wikipedia ( up from 41 in 2019 ) sole ruler and Pharaoh of Senate. Frontier forces, Antony committed suicide status as queen his ally Pompey housed the exiled king his. Pompey housed the exiled king 's love of playing the pipes Justin mentions that Ptolemy IX by Cleopatra and mother! She forced him to escape brothers, and Galla Placidia 55 BC, Cleopatra VII named... Mithridates VI of Pontus probably in 88 BC, causing Ptolemy of Cyprus to commit suicide unknown... Pompey approved the will acted against Berenice, and attacked the palace surrendered... Of introducing Ptolemy XII portray him as co-regent in the Senate was busy with its own affairs, his Pompey! Him on the throne into his first reign XII Neos Dionysos, nicknamed Auletes, was an Pharaoh... 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