The state's lowest point is along the Colorado River, south of Laughlin. The Nevada Test Site, 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the city of Las Vegas, was founded on January 11, 1951, for the testing of nuclear weapons. As of January 1, 2006, there were an estimated 500,000 head of cattle and 70,000 head of sheep in Nevada. When the Mormons created the State of Deseret in 1847, they laid claim to all of Nevada within the Great Basin and the Colorado watershed. Clark County attracts numerous tourists. Occasionally, moisture from the Arizona Monsoon will cause summer thunderstorms; Pacific storms may blanket the area with snow. Nevada's lack of a lottery might account for its 12th place ranking for total gambling revenue. Here are five facts you may not know about Carson City. Silver Facts for Kids Pound Sterling, the official currency of the UK was initially equal in value to one pound of silver. It’s second only to South Africa in the world. Nevada was originally founded in 1821 as part of the First Mexican Empire. Greyhound Lines provide some bus service to the state. Nevada is in the western United States and became the country's 36th state in 1864. Lyon County is the third most populous county. The military bases host a number of activities including the Joint Unmanned Aerial Systems Center of Excellence, the Naval Strike and Air Warfare Center, Nevada Test and Training Range, Red Flag, the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds, the United States Air Force Warfare Center, the United States Air Force Weapons School, and the United States Navy Fighter Weapons School. When Mark Twain lived in Nevada during the period described in Roughing It, mining had led to an industry of speculation and immense wealth. Nevada is one of a few states in the U.S. that does not have a continuous interstate highway linking its two major population centers—the road connection between the Las Vegas and Reno areas is made using a combination of Interstate and U.S. highways. Its first county seat was established at Dayton on November 29, 1861. The United States Census Bureau estimates the population of Nevada on July 1, 2019, was 3,080,156, an increase of 45,764 residents (1.51%) since the 2018 US Census estimate and an increase of 379,605 residents (14.06%) since the 2010 United States Census. Sierra Nevada is a Spanish name that means “snowy range.” You’ve probably heard this state’s name pronounced as “Nev-AH-dah,” but Nevada residents say “Nev-ADD-ah.”. It’s second only to South Africa in the world. As a result of the Mexican–American War and the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, Mexico permanently lost Alta California in 1848. Unregulated gambling was commonplace in the early Nevada mining towns but was outlawed in 1909 as part of a nationwide anti-gambling crusade. Nearly three-quarters of Nevada's people live in Clark County, which contains the Las Vegas–Paradise metropolitan area where three of the state's four largest incorporated cities are located. There's a lot of GREAT history in Nevada, and these are 10 interesting historical facts you may or may not already know. Carson City, Nevada's capital, shares in the historical heritage of the Silver State. The first Europeans to explore the region were Spanish. Las Vegas was America's fastest-growing city and metropolitan area from 1960 to 2000, but has grown from a gulch of 100 people in 1900 to 10,000 by 1950 to 100,000 by 1970. Most parts of Nevada receive scarce precipitation during the year. Its county seat is Reno. Hoover Dam , near Las Vegas, impounds the waters of Lake Mead, one of the world's largest artificial lakes. 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